Back surgery can be a solution to treat pain, but it’s not often or not always the answer.

If you look at the evidence, a lot of pain can be treated with minimally invasive procedures including injections and many other procedures that we can do, but sometimes surgery is the final and only option.

I mean there are some studies that try to compare epidural steroid injections with low back surgery, for instance itself, and there’s really the evidence for surgery in treating pain itself is not that strong. But some patients only respond to surgery.